What is a Flange?
A flange is a method of connecting pipes, valves, pumps and other equipment to form a piping system. It also provides easy access for cleaning, inspection or modification. Flanges are usually welded or screwed. Flanged joints are made by bolting together two flanges with a gasket between them to provide a seal.
TYPES OF FLANGES
The most used flange types in Petro and chemical industry are:
- Welding Neck Flange
- Slip On Flange
- Socket Weld Flange
- Lap Joint Flange
- Threaded Flange
- Blind Flange
All types except the Lap Joint flange are provided with a raised flange face.
|Product Name||weld neck flange, slip on flange, blind flange, tube sheet, threaded flange,|
socket weld flange, plate flange, spectacle blind, LWN, Orifice flange, anchor flange.
(En1092-1 PN10 Pn16 DN900 DN750 Plate Steel Stainless Steel Flange)
|Standard||ANSI B16.5,EN1092-1, SABA1123, JIS B2220, DIN, GOST,UNI,AS2129, API 6A, etc.|
|Wall thickness||SCH5S, SCH10S, SCH10, SCH40S,STD, XS, XXS, SCH20,SCH30,SCH40, SCH60,|
SCH80, SCH160, XXS and etc.
|Material||Stainless steel: A182F304/304L, A182 F316/316L, A182F321, A182F310S,|
A182F347H,A182F316Ti, A403 WP317, 904L, 1.4301,1.4307,1.4401,1.4571,1.4541,
254Mo and etc.
Carbon steel: A105, A350LF2, Q235, St37, St45.8, A42CP, E24 , A515 Gr60, A515 Gr 70
|Duplex stainless steel: UNS31803, SAF2205, UNS32205, UNS31500, UNS32750 ,|
UNS32760, 1.4462,1.4410,1.4501 and etc.
Pipeline steel: A694 F42, A694F52, A694 F60, A694 F65, A694 F70, A694 F80 etc.
|Nickel alloy: inconel600, inconel625, inconel690, incoloy800, incoloy 825, incoloy 800H,|
C22, C-276, Monel400, Alloy20 etc.
Cr-Mo alloy: A182F11, A182F5, A182F22, A182F91, A182F9, 16mo3 etc.
|Application||Petrochemical industy;avation and aerospace industry;pharmaceutical industry;|
gas exhaust;power plant;ship buliding;water treament,etc.
|Advantages||ready stock,faster delivery time;available in all sizes,customized;high quality|
Except the most used standard flanges, there are still a number of special flanges such as:
- Orifice Flanges
- Long Welding Neck Flanges
- Weldoflange / Nipoflange
- Expander Flange
- Reducing Flange
WHAT ARE PIPE FLANGES AND HOW DO THEY WORK?
Offering a reliable way to connect pipe systems with the various equipment, valves, and other components of virtually any processing system, flanges are the second most used joining method after welding.
Using flanges adds flexibility when maintaining piping systems by allowing for easier disassembly and improved access to system components.
A typical flanged connection is comprised of three parts:
- Pipe Flanges
In most cases, there are specific gasket and bolting materials made from the same, or approved materials as the piping components you wish to connect. Stainless Steel flanges are some of the most common. However, flanges are available in a wide range of materials so matching them with your needs is essential.